Bu haber kez okundu.

Juan Gris, Juan Gris kimdir, Juan Gris eserleri nelerdir?
José Victoriano González-Pérez (23 Mart 1887, Madrid – 11 Mayıs 1927, Sur Seine), bilinen adıyla Juan Gris, hayatının büyük bölümünü Fransa'da geçirmiş olan ünlü İspanyol ressam ve heykeltraştır. Eserleri, devrinde yeni ortaya çıkmaya başlayan Kübizm çizgisindedir.

Önce Madrid'de Zanaat ve Sanayi okulunda öğrenim gördü. O tarihten sonra ressam olarak, pergel cetvel ve gönye gibi araçları yanından ayırmadı. 1906‘da Paris‘te Assiet te Au Beurre ve Chavari dergilerinde desenler yayımladı. 1911 yılını Braque, Picasso, Manolo ile birlikte Ceret‘de geçirdi.

Yalın ve ciddi bir sanat anlayışı içinde ilk kübist tablolarını yaptı. Paris Art Modern müzesinde eserleri vardır. Max Jacob, Raymond Radiguet, Armand Salacrou‘nun çeşitli eserlerine litografi veya ofort resimler yaptı. 1924‘te Diaghilev yönetimindeki rus balesinin Çoban Kızının Baştan Çıkışı, Güvercin, eksik kalmış bir eğitim adlı eserlerinin dekorlarını ve kostümlerini hazırladı.

Juan Gris?

José Victoriano (Carmelo Carlos) González-Pérez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter and sculptor who lived and worked in France most of his life. His works, which are closely connected to the emergence of an innovative artistic genre—Cubism—are among the movement's most distinctive.

Early life

Born in Madrid, Gris studied mechanical drawing at the Escuela de Artes y Manufacturas in Madrid from 1902 to 1904, during which time he contributed drawings to local periodicals. From 1904 to 1905 he studied painting with the academic artist José Maria Carbonero. It was probably in 1905 that José González adopted the more distinctive pseudonym Juan Gris.

Career

In 1906 he moved to Paris and became friends with Henri Matisse, Georges Braque, Fernand Léger, then in 1915 he was painted by his friend, Amedeo Modigliani. In Paris, Gris followed the lead of another friend and fellow countryman, Pablo Picasso. Although he submitted darkly humorous illustrations to journals such as Le Rire, L'assiette au beurre, Le Charivari, and Le Cri de Paris, Gris began to paint seriously in 1910, and by 1912 he had developed a personal Cubist style. His portrait of Picasso in 1912 is a significant early Cubist painting done by a painter other than Picasso or Braque. Although Gris regarded Picasso as a teacher, Gertrude Stein wrote in The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas that "Juan Gris was the only person whom Picasso wished away".[3]

Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas, The Art Institute of Chicago.
At first Gris painted in the analytic style of Cubism, but after 1913 he began his conversion to synthetic Cubism, of which he became a steadfast interpreter, with extensive use of papier collé or, collage. Unlike Picasso and Braque, whose Cubist works were monochromatic, Gris painted with bright harmonious colors in daring, novel combinations in the manner of his friend Matisse. Gris exhibited with the painters of the Puteaux Group in the Salon de la Section d'Or in 1912. His preference for clarity and order influenced the Purist style of Amédée Ozenfant and Charles Edouard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier), and made Gris an important exemplar of the post-war "return to order" movement

Designer and theorist

In 1924, he first designed ballet sets and costumes for Sergei Diaghilev and the famous Ballets Russes.
Gris articulated most of his aesthetic theories during 1924 and 1925. He delivered his definitive lecture, Des possibilités de la peinture, at the Sorbonne in 1924. Major Gris exhibitions took place at the Galerie Simon in Paris and the Galerie Flechtheim in Berlin in 1923, and at the Galerie Flechtheim in Düsseldorf in 1925.

Death


After October 1925, Gris was frequently ill with bouts of uremia and cardiac problems. He died of renal failure[5] in Boulogne-sur-Seine (Paris) on May 12, 1927, at the age of 40, leaving a wife, Josette, and a son, Georges.

Art market

His top auction price was $20.8 million which was set by his 1915 still life titled, Livre, pipe et verres,[1] until Christie's Imp/Mod sale in November 2010, when "Violon et guitare" sold for $28.6 million

Siirt Manşet / Fecri Barlık

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